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雅思備考

讀了那么多雅思寫作范文 你會合理應用嗎?

2019-06-25

來源:環球教育整理

小編:環球教育整理 2512
摘要:

  眾所周知,雅思寫作是大家英語學習成果的一個輸出表現。那么沒有輸入自然就沒有輸出。在明白了這個道理之后,很多“烤鴨”在備考階段都會大量地閱讀一些寫作范文,這的確是行之有效的辦法。

  但與此同時,也有一些烤鴨開始抱怨說:范文倒是讀了不少,但是就沒讀到自己當天考試的那一篇。仰天長嘆,感覺自己和雅思的孽緣還是未了。難道我們讀例文,非得讀到我們在考場中考的那一篇嗎?那概率是不是也太低了呢?

  今天北京環球教育楊陸哲老師帶著大家一起說說,如何合理地使用我們讀過的那些范文。

  例如,今年的6月13日的考題為:

  Some people say individuals can do nothing to improve the environment, and only governments and large companies can make a difference. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 20190613

  這著實是一個老題重現,其實在2014年的時候考過這個題目的原型。并且在2018年的時候,這個題目的變形也在考場中和大家見過面。雖如此,在備考階段考生讀過原題范文的概率還是極其有限。

  那么我們先來看看2018年它的變形題目是什么樣的,并附送一篇范文。

  Governments should make people responsible for looking after their local environment. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 20180414

  In most places of the world, environmental problems are plaguing both governments and their people, and accordingly those governments are trying many methods to cope with environmental pollution. One of these methods is giving the local people responsibility for looking after the local environment. From my perspective, this is definitely a futile way.

  Initially, in spite of the awareness that the public have for protecting the environment, most of them have no professional knowledge or skills to be responsible for dealing with environmental issues. Some pollutants are invisible or intangible, and they can only be detected and measured by professional equipment that the public do not have or are not able to operate. Instead, obviously some governmental offices and research institutes are the organizations with the ability for doing this.

  Additionally, local people have no power of law enforcement. Once they discover someone or some factories are polluting their local environment, there is still no effective way for them to stop the detrimental behaviors. What they can do is inform related governmental offices only. This is to say, governments ought to be the role with the most responsibility for suppressing the environmental pollution.

  Eventually, it is undeniable that every individual should be involved in protecting the environment. Notwithstanding, what they can do is cooperate with governments, follow their instructions and obey related rules and regulations. Most people have no initiative but they are enforced by governments. Hence, the public participation in environmental issues is not the excuse for governments to pass the buck.

  To sum up, protecting the environment is the inescapable responsibility of governments. Meanwhile, individuals do play significant roles in this, and however in most cases what individuals can do is restricted or strongly recommended by some rules or policies from governments. By analogy, giving the public responsibility for supervising their local environment does not make any sense.

  那我們該如何利用這篇范文,寫出一篇符合20190613題目要求的文章呢?其實方法有很多。但是各位烤鴨的基礎不同,所以要選擇自己合適的方式。我們逐個分析講解一下。

  一、用觀點和話題詞匯

  毫無疑問,這兩個題目的話題分類都是環境類話題,并且都是在強調承?;繁T鶉畏矯嫻穆凼?。對于那些基礎較好的烤鴨們而言,完全可以在閱讀范文的時候,整理出一些話題詞匯和高分用法?;河?,然后在自己的文章里面果斷將其表達出來。這樣,不僅文章仍然有自己特色,也很容易就能滿足高分數段的評分標準。

  二、用段落或句子

  如果烤鴨們英語基礎不是十分給力,那么就可以將這個范文的主體段落直接應用于自己的文章之中。即使段落不能完全應用,句子的使用還是非常有可能的。所以,針對那些基礎薄弱,尤其是語法基礎較弱的考生而言,背誦段落,記憶句子是非常有效的辦法。

  當然,在記憶開頭段和結尾段的時候大家一定要慎重。因為開頭段和結尾段都應該十分對題,如果不是一個題目,其實很難通用。但是主體段落,只要是同一類別話題,通用性較高。

  三、背誦全文

  其實,這是一個不是辦法的辦法。通常而言針對那些基礎非常有限的同學,我們才會要求大家背誦全文。背誦全文之后,大家在考場中自然可以將全文寫出。但是,如此一來在問題回應程度一項的得分通常不會太高。除非真的是考到了背過范文的題目。否則此項得分都比較有限。但是,其他幾項得分會比較理想。平均之后,也很可能能夠達到考生的分數要求。

  總而言之,背誦是沒有辦法的辦法?;〗蝦玫目狙濟怯Ω醚Щ岱治齜段?,總結重點內容,并且將其化為己用,此為寫作之道也。


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